Railways Print

Normal Commodity wise freight loading                                                      [Back]


% share









Food grains


Iron ore for exports


Pig iron and finished steel


Raw materials to steel plants


Other goods


Total tonnage (million tons)


Proposals regarding freight rates

  • Minor increase of 4% uniformly on freight rate of all commodities
  • Minor increase in classification of Washed Coal and Caustic Soda Liquor
  • Concession of 25% in freight rate for traffic upto 50 km


  • Indian Railways have developed a light weight variety of BOXNHS wagons with improved payload to tare ratio and stainless steel body. It has been designed as BOX NLW.

  • Two hundred fifty BOXNLW with stainless steel body wagons are under manufacture.
  • A variant of BOXNHS with stainless steel body has been developed and designed as BOXNCR. Ten rakes of BOXNCR wagons are presently under trials. Mass production of these wagons will be taken up on successful completion of service trials

  • One option under consideration is increasing the maximum permissible speed limit of the freight trains to 100 km per hour from 75 km now, on the main trunk routes connecting Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata as also the Kolkata-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai sectors.

  • The Expert Group of the RITES (Rail India Technical and Economic Services), examining the issue at the behest of Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd, is yet to firm up its views on the matter, but is believed to be favorably disposed towards this plan.

  • The six routes — that is, Golden Quadrilateral and the diagonal sections — together covering about 10,000 km out of the total railway network of 66,000 km account for nearly 75 per cent of the total traffic of the Railways, both freight and passenger.

  • In practice, there is a wide disparity between passenger trains running at 100-130 km/hour and goods trains at 75 km/hour. If this gap is closed by speeding up goods trains to 90/100 km/hour, there can be a 15-20 per cent increment in section capacity.

  • According to one estimate, the Indian Railways carries 450 kg of dead weight for moving every tonne of traffic as against 170 kg in advanced countries.

  • Separate and dedicated freight corridors must be constructed with the capability of carrying 30-tonne axle load wagons at a speed of 100km/h in train formation of over 14,000 tonnes (present trains loads are about 4800 tonnes) to be hauled by multiple units of 4,000 to 6,000 HP modern freight locomotives.

Penalty on overloading

  • The railway ministry has doubled the penalty for overloading in freight trains to six times the tariff from three times right now.
  • The ministry has "promulgated the Railways (Punitive Charges for Overloading of Wagon) Rules, 2004 increasing the penalty for overloading of wagon beyond the rated capacity to six times from the existing three times the tariff", an official statement said Monday.

  • Under the new rules, punitive charges would be levied for overloading of freight wagons, which often leads to accidents and loss of revenue to the railways.

  • If commodities are overloaded in eight-wheeled, six-wheeled or four-wheeled wagon, the railway administration shall recover punitive charges for the entire weight of the commodities loaded beyond the permissible carrying capacity for the entire distance to be travelled by the train hauling the wagon from the originating station to the destination station.

Freight Rates

  • Freight rates of certain commodities namely Coal, Iron Ore, Limestone and Dolomite, Gypsum, Bauxite, Manganese Ore, Cement and Clinker have been increased recently to partially offset the increase in working expenses of Indian Railways due to increase in diesel and steel prices.

  • The impact of increase in freight rates on prices is likely to be negligible.
  • Around Rs. 400 crore of additional revenue is likely to be generated due to freight increase of these commodities during the current financial year.

Southern Railway

A New Refrigerated Parcel Van Service with the following features:

1. Two Compartments

1) Freezer Portion:    5 tonnes capacity at -20o C

    Dimension: 5 m x 2.79 m x 2.09

2) Freezer Portion:   12 tonnes capacity at + 4 o C

                            Dimension: 11.3 m x 2.83 m x 2.09 m

2. Proposed Routes, Tentative Rates & Transit Time            


Rate per Tonne (Rs)

Transit Time

Chennai – Ernakulam


11 hrs

Chennai – New Delhi


34 hrs

Chennai - Howrah


28 hrs

Bangalore - New Delhi


42 hrs

Bangalore - Howrah


37 hrs

Ernakulam - Trivandrum


5 hrs

Ernakulam - New Delhi


48 hrs

Ernakulam - Howrah


43 hrs

Ernakulam - Mangalore


11 hrs

 3. Suitability of Service

Suitable to cater to all Chilled & Frozen cargos like Shrimps, Fish, Meat, Ice Cream, Pizzas, Eggs, Flowers, Fruits, Vegetables, etc.,

4. Transit

Would be attached to Suitable express trains to provide guaranteed transit Exporters / Importers and Domestic Trade to avail this opportunity.